Mongolia, a country known as the land of blue sky , is a landlocked country in the heart of eastern Asia sandwiched between Russia and China . It is one of the oldest countries in the world with extremely long and rich history that has always fascinated the world.
Apart from its amazing history, Mongolia is becoming famous for its spectacular natural beauty and wild life consisted of incredibly vast ‘steppe’ grasslands, majestic mountains reaching up the sky, the vast Gobi desert, crystal clear rivers, and lakes beautifully existing in harmony. Mountains dominate two-thirds of the country while forests cover nearly 10% of the land supporting Wolf, Wild bear, Elk, Deer, Antelope and Brown bear. Steppes and forest margins support Marmot, Muskrat, Fox, Steppe Fox and Sable.
Remote mountains support wild cats such as lynx, and Snow leopard. Mongolia is a home of the Wild Ass, Wild Camel, and Wild Sheep. Bird life is rich and includes Golden Eagle, Bearded Vulture, and other birds of prey, while the 2,000 lakes are magnet for water birds including Storks and even Herring Gull and Relict Gull. The breath-taking natural beauty of Mongolia and the uniqueness of its culture and lifestyle, together with the friendliness and traditional hospitality of nomad people, make the country a remarkably desired place to discover.
Culture and Tradition:
The Nomadic Mongolian has a full well preserved culture. Today 900,000 nomads inhabit in the vast steppes of Mongolia where perpetuate ancient traditions. The population of Mongolian herders is very geographically dispersed and still lives in yurt (called Ger in Mongolian), a removable housing suited to their lifestyle.
Nomadism is based on the rearing of five species: goats, cattle (including yaks), sheep, camels and horses. A transhumance distance varies by region: if the feed is not too far from the winter camp, as in the steppe, the family moves to less than a hundred kilometers. However, in the desert, the caravan traveled more than 1,000 km and often with more than one ton baggage.
The population of Mongolia amounted to 2.8 million inhabitants by 2013. Although the majority of the population is Mongolian origin (Khalkhas) , which is 86% of the population and the other largest ethnics are Kazakhs in western part and the Buryats in northern part of Mongolia. However, differences between ethnic Mongolian groups are minor.
Approximately 60 % of the population in Mongolia is urbanized, and more than half of the urban population lives in capital city, Ulaan Bator (which increased about 50% in the last 5 years).